domingo, 23 de septiembre de 2007

::mis heroínas preferidas (V) - salomé::

Oscar Wilde pensó su inolvidable y anfibio personaje para "la Divina", para Sara Bernhardt. El personaje, como todos los que creó la actriz inglesa se convirtió en un icono de su época, en un icono del mal, de un siglo XX sanguinario que estaba a punto de comenzar (1893). Salomé es la profanación de lo más sagrado, la ruptura con todo lo anterior. Uno de los personajes femeninos más transgresores del imaginario de nuestra cultura y protagonista de una obra de teatro "maldita" que no se pudo representar en Inglaterra hasta medio siglo después de la muerte de Wilde.

Richard Strauss (compositor de las óperas El caballero de la rosa, Elektra, o el poema sinfónico Así habló Zaratustra) vio una representación alemana de la Salomé de Wilde y se dijo: "aquí hay chicha para un operón". Lo escribió, sobre traducción y ligera adaptación del texto inglés, y se estrenó en Dresde en 1905. El escándalo fue monumental. La música era demoledora para los oídos de la época, aún poco acostumbrados al primitivismo musical. En Viena y Londrés fue retocada y pasada por censura para poder estrenarla. En Nueva York directamente suspendieron las funciones ante el ruido provocado por los alborotadores en la noche del estreno. En España fue un aunténtico revulsivo y conmocionó al ambiente musical de la época como años antes habían hecho los poemas musicales de este genio de Munich.

Versiones buenas de Salomé he visto varias en Youtube... de la escena de los siete velos, del dúo con Yokanaan (Juan el Bautista)... pero hoy os dejo -para reírnos un poco- una versión absolutamente rompedora de un loco de Internet que se hace vídeos-playbacks recreando su mundo musical predilecto (la gran ópera del XX y el sinfonismo romántico). Su rostro, por momentos, nos puede remitir a la Bernhardt que ójala hubiera vivido más para poder grabar en vídeo a su inolvidable personaje. El vídeo lo selecciono, además, porque tiene subtítulos en inglés y podemos enterarnos de lo que nos cuenta la bailarina lúbrica y sanguinaria antes de que el rey Herodes ordene su ejecución.

Con todos ustedes, Salomé frente a la cabeza decapitada de El Bautista (agárrense a los asientos.)


8 comentarios:

Mariete dijo...

Jo, y a mí que está ópera siempre me ha parecido... nauseabunda. Toda la ironía fresca y cínica del texto de Wilde se echa a perder con una música tan abrumadora y pedante (sí, ya sé que es una partitura magnífica, espectacular, brillante, genial... en fin, fobias de uno). Strauss escoge una historia provocadora pero no para provocar la revulsión del público sino por puro afán morboso y para lucir de un modo narcisista sus habilidades. En definitiva: un derroche de mal gusto, cuya estética expresionista pienso que no es sino una pose que esconde un fondo de lo más acomodaticio.

La crítica feminista ha hecho hincapié en la misoginia musical/escénica de esta obra, yo añadiría su antisemitismo rampante (la música sólo deja de ser grotesca y disonante cuando el Nazareno anuncia la llegada del Mesías redentor...¿un führer para la sociedad pagana y degenerada?) y, en definitiva no es extraño que el régimen nazi escogiera esta ópera como uno de los estandartes de su repertorio.

De todas formas, hay que reconocer que la escena final, con los requiebros a la cabaze sangrante de Jokanaán por parte de Salomé es bella e inquietante.

Pero si de lo que se trataba era de quela diva luciera piernas y movimientos de cadera, para eso mucho mejor, más encantador y hasta menos cursi y afectado el vals "Giuditta" que la danza de los 7 velos...¡Dónde va usted a comparar!

Saludos,

Mario.

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